Art and the Science of Photography

Posted: October 15, 2013 in Art of Photography


This is first in a series of articles I intend to present on the Art of Photography. In most of discussions on photography, emphasis is mainly understanding camera control, lighting and editing. To discuss the elements of design and principals of art are considered a domain for painters. But they are as important for photographers as they are for other forms of art.

The ingredients of composition are more than learning the rule of third or leading lines. The elements of composition and principles of design were recognized in the per-renaissance era when artists and scientists began to notice them. The principles are based on scientific studies on psychological perceptions human animals when they observe something.

During these articles I intend to discuss the following constituent parts of composition

1. Human perception and Gestalt Theory

2. Principles of composition

The basic elements of compositions are


Shape and form


Value and texture



3. Color as an element of composition and color contrast

4. Elements of design

I intend to discuss

Balanced vs Imbalanced composition

Importance of negative space

Keeping the composition simple

Rule of third

5, Some important movements in the world of Art and their influence on photography

I shall present each topic separately and in the end it will be apparent how the elements fit together and are utilized to enhance the overall image while suggesting a stronger more direct message to he viewer. You don’t need to memorize anything. All you need to do is to develop an understanding of ideas. Gradually without realizing attention to these artistic principles become your second nature. I shall include many examples in the form of photographs and drawings or graphics to explain my points. Some of the images would be my own, others would be from old masters of taken from social media ( giving credit to the original artist).

The overall discussion is lengthy and would be presented in short small articles published serially.



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